1 Rising Costs per Mile
Midstream industry costs have been steadily rising for years and took a sharp upward turn in 2013 and 2014. When combined with the upward trend in capital investment, rising costs have put serious pressure on already strained project budgets. That ultimately means that midstream companies are going to be facing cost overruns, lagging profits, and lower returns on projects.
Cost pressure isn’t expected to level out in the near future, as labor shortages exacerbate wage spikes and commodity volatility squeezes out already slim margins. In the past 3 years, we’ve already seen pipeline companies’ growth in profit lagging behind growth in revenue, but we’re about to see even slower growth as sharply rising costs add unprecedented pressure on project budgets.
2 Missed Estimates
In just the last year, midstream companies have seen actual project costs miss their estimates by more than 40%. On average, projects that overran their costs did so by 20.2%. Numbers like that translate into tens of millions of unexpected, unbudgeted costs across the industry.
What’s the impact of those misses? Cost overruns eat into project profits, causing investments to turn from promising generators of return to cost-laden burdens.
With no industry standard for predicting future project costs, many midstream companies are shooting in the dark when deciding on their project portfolios. The result is that more and more executives are finding themselves unwittingly foregoing good investments at the expense of executing bad ones.
3 Falling Volumes
The midstream industry has thus far been insulated from the chaos undermining upstream production. With long-term contracts and significant price hedging, the industry’s short-term fate is nearly guaranteed.
But that outlook changes when we turn from operations to growth. How can midstream companies reach the growth rates they need when their primary customers are laying off rigs and decreasing production at unprecedented rates? With the massive decline in crude prices causing upstream companies to shut down their existing operations and retreat from further drilling, midstream companies are starting to see the limits to their own growth.
As the year proceeds and the E&P industry adapts to the pressures of plummeting crude prices, new midstream projects may soon become unfeasible at the same time that existing projects see lower volumes.
Sources: Oil & Gas Journal, 2014; EIA; Baker Hughes Rig Count; PowerAdvocate Analysis
The Bottom Line
Rising costs and high levels of capital investment only increase the risk that lowered volumes will curtail midstream industry profits. With converging industry pressures squeezing out profits at every turn, midstream companies are finding it all the more urgent to make the right investment decisions and cut costs wherever they can.