Last fall, renewed optimism resounded across oil markets. The North American rig count had fallen by almost 50% since January of 2016 and was a tiny fraction of where it stood prior to the oil price decline that began in mid-2014, foreshadowing weak supply growth. Moreover, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) appeared to finally be ready to take advantage of these lower levels of shale activity by cutting output and paving the way to a recovery in oil prices. North American oil prices jumped jubilantly when this action came to fruition and OPEC signed a major deal in which members agreed to curtail production.
Figure 1: A Brief Oil Market Deficit and the OPEC Deal
Sources: US Energy Information Administration (EIA); PowerAdvocate Energy Intelligence Group